A piston–cylinder device initially contains 1.2 kg of air at 700 kPa and 200°C. At this state, the piston is touching on a pair of stops. The mass of the piston is such that 600-kPa pressure is required to move it. A valve at the bottom of the tank is opened, and air is withdrawn from the cylinder. The valve is closed when the volume of the cylinder decreases to 80 percent of the initial volume. If it is estimated that 40 kJ of heat is lost from the cylinder, determine the work done. Use constant specific heats at the average temperature.

A piston–cylinder device initially contains 0.6 kg of steam with a volume of 0.1 m3 . The mass of the piston is such that it maintains a constant pressure of 800 kPa. The cylinder is connected through a valve to a supply line that carries steam at 5 MPa and 500°C. Now the valve is opened and steam is allowed to flow slowly into the cylinder until the volume of the cylinder doubles and the temperature in the cylinder reaches 250°C, at which point the valve is closed. Determine the mass of steam that has entered.

A piston–cylinder device initially contains air at 150 kPa and 27°C. At this state, the piston is resting on a pair of stops, as shown in Fig. 4–32, and the enclosed volume is 400 L. The mass of the piston is such that a 350-kPa pressure is required to move it. The air is now heated until its volume has doubled. Determine (a) the final temperature, (b) the work done by the air, and (c) the total heat transferred to the air.

A piston–cylinder device initially contains steam at 3.5 MPa, superheated by 5°C. Now, steam loses heat to the surroundings and the piston moves down, hitting a set of stops, at which point the cylinder contains saturated liquid water. The cooling continues until the cylinder contains water at 200°C. Determine (a) the initial temperature, (b) the enthalpy change per unit mass of the steam by the time the piston first hits the stops, and (c) the final pressure and the quality (if mixture).

A piston–cylinder device initially contains 1.2 kg of air at 700 kPa and 200°C. At this state, the piston is touching on a pair of stops. The mass of the piston is such that 600-kPa pressure is required to move it. A valve at the bottom of the tank is opened, and air is withdrawn from the cylinder. The valve is closed when the volume of the cylinder decreases to 80 percent of the initial volume. If it is estimated that 40 kJ of heat is lost from the cylinder, determine the amount of mass that has escaped from the cylinder.

A piston-cylinder device initially contains 50L of liquid water at 40 degrees C and 200kPa. Heat is transferred to the water at constant pressure until entire liquid is vaporized.

(a) What is the mass of the water?

(b) What is the final temperature?

(c) Determine total enthalpy change.

(d) Show process on a T-v diagram with respect to saturation lines.

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