A researcher is interested in testing whether chocolate causes hyperactivity in children. To test this hypothesis, researcher recruits 16 children, gives these children chocolate, and measures their level of activity. A researcher obtains a sample mean of M = 102, with a SS = 375.
The researcher finds out that the average activity level among the population is µ = 100, but is unable to find out the population standard deviation.
Does the research have enough evidence to support the hypothesis that sugar causes hyperactivity among children? Use twotailed test with alpha α=.05
What is the critical/cutoff tvalue with an alpha level of .05 (twotailed)?
A researcher is interested in testing whether chocolate causes hyperactivity in children. To test this hypothesis, researcher recruits 16 children, gives these children chocolate, and measures their level of activity. A researcher obtains a sample mean of M = 102, with a SS = 375.
The researcher finds out that the average activity level among the population is µ = 100, but is unable to find out the population standard deviation.
Does the research have enough evidence to support the hypothesis that sugar causes hyperactivity among children? Use twotailed test with alpha α=.05
What is the null hypothesis
(Continuing from the last question, with the same values)
A researcher is interested in testing whether college students send more or fewer texts per day, relative to the general population. The researcher finds out that the population average of texts sent per day is µ = 112, but is unable to find out the population standard deviation.
This researcher then recruits 25 college students, and asks about their texting. They report a sample mean of M = 120, with a SS= 1200
In the last question, you computed the value of the ttest
For this question, answer, how many degrees of freedom does this ttest have?
AND WRITE THAT NUMBER DOWN. YOU WILL NEED IT FOR THE NEXT QUESTION
A researcher is interested in finding a 98% confidence interval for the mean number minutes students are concentrating on their professor during a one hour statistics lecture. The study included 103 students who averaged 32.7 minutes concentrating on their professor during the hour lecture. The standard deviation was 11.4 minutes. Round answers to 3 decimal places where possible.
a. To compute the confidence interval use a ? t z distribution.
b. With 98% confidence the population mean minutes of concentration is between _____and _____ minutes.
c. If many groups of 103 randomly selected members are studied, then a different confidence interval would be produced from each group. About _______percent of these confidence intervals will contain the true population mean minutes of concentration and about ________ percent will not contain the true population mean minutes of concentration.
A researcher is interested in whether participating in sports positively influences selfesteem in young girls. She identifies a group of girls who have not played sports before but are now planning to begin participating in organized sports. The researcher gives them a 50item selfesteem inventory before they begin playing sports and administers the same test again after 6 months of playing sports. The selfesteem inventory is measured on an interval scale, with higher numbers indicating higher selfesteem. In addition, scores on the inventory are normally distributed. The scores follow:
Before:
44
40
39
46
42
43
After:
46
41
41
47
43
45
a. What statistical test should be used to analyze these data?
b. Identify H0 and Ha for this study.
c. Conduct the appropriate analysis.
d. Should H0 be rejected? What should the researcher conclude?
e. If significant, compute and interpret the effect size.
(Continuing from the last question, with the same values)
A researcher is interested in testing whether college students send more or fewer texts per day, relative to the general population. The researcher finds out that the population average of texts sent per day is µ = 112, but is unable to find out the population standard deviation.
This researcher then recruits 25 college students, and asks about their texting. They report a sample mean of M = 120, with a SS= 1200
In the last question, you provided the degrees of freedom
For this question, answer, was this ttest significant, assuming a twotailed test with alpha α=.05?
Yes, the value of the ttest exceeded the critical value of +/ 1.711 

No, the value of the ttest did not exceed the critical value of +/ 1.96 

Yes, the value of the ttest exceeded the critical value of +/ 2.064 

No, the value of the ttest did not exceed the critical value of +/ 0.685 
A researcher is interested in finding a 98% confidence interval for the mean number of times per day that college students text. The study included 95 students who averaged 26.3 texts per day. The standard deviation was 21.4 texts. Round answers to 3 decimal places where possible.
a. To compute the confidence interval use a ? z t distribution.
b. With 98% confidence the population mean number of texts per day is between_____ and _____ texts.
c. If many groups of 95 randomly selected members are studied, then a different confidence interval would be produced from each group. About________ percent of these confidence intervals will contain the true population number of texts per day and about ______ percent will not contain the true population mean number of texts per day.
A researcher is interested in finding a 98% confidence interval for the mean number of times per day that college students text. The study included 95 students who averaged 26.9 texts per day. The standard deviation was 22.1 texts. Round answers to 3 decimal places where possible.
a. To compute the confidence interval use a ? z or t distribution.
b. With 98% confidence the population mean number of texts per day is between and texts.
c. If many groups of 95 randomly selected members are studied, then a different confidence interval would be produced from each group. About percent of these confidence intervals will contain the true population number of texts per day and about percent will not contain the true population mean number of texts per day.
A researcher is interested in the amount of sleep an individual receives after consuming a sleeping aid (Melatonin, Valerian root, and Placebo). The researcher randomly selects individuals into either group. However, some individuals drop out of the study which results in unequal sample sizes.
Melatonin 
Valerian 
Placebo 

n=6 
n=10 
n=4 
N=20 
M=14 
M=13 
M=9 
G=250 
T=84 
T=130 
T=36 
ΣX^{2}=3377 
SS=60 
SS=90 
SS=37 

Using symbols, state the hypotheses for a twotailed test with α=0.05.
Locate the critical region. In doing so, determine the degrees of freedom values.
Calculate the Fratio.
State the conclusion of these findings.
A researcher is interested in testing whether college students send more or fewer texts per day, relative to the general population. The researcher finds out that the population average of texts sent per day is µ = 112, but is unable to find out the population standard deviation.
This researcher then recruits 25 college students, and asks about their texting. They report a sample mean of M = 120, with a SS= 1200
What is the effect size (Cohen’s d) for the difference?
A researcher is interested in finding a 98% confidence interval for the mean number of times per day that college students text. The study included 123 students who averaged 34.9 texts per day. The standard deviation was 12.2 texts. Round answers to 3 decimal places where possible.
a. To compute the confidence interval use a ? t or z distribution.
b. With 98% confidence the population mean number of texts per day is between and texts.
c. If many groups of 123 randomly selected members are studied, then a different confidence interval would be produced from each group. About percent of these confidence intervals will contain the true population number of texts per day and about percent will not contain the true population mean number of texts per day.
Question 2: A researcher is interested in the correlation between the height (in inches) and weight (in pounds) of males. The researcher measured the height and weight of four males. The measured values are
Participant 
Height 
Weight 
Participant 1 
70 
160 
Participant 2 
69 
164 
Participant 3 
61 
134 
Participant 4 
66 
155 
Participant 5 
71 
170 
Participant 6 
65 
158 
Participant 7 
67 
160 
Participant 8 
73 
180 
Participant 9 
67 
165 
Participant10 
64 
146 
A researcher is interested in the amount of sleep an individual receives after consuming a sleeping aid (Melatonin, Valerian root, and Placebo). The researcher randomly selects individuals into either group. However, some individuals drop out of the study which results in unequal sample sizes.
Melatonin 
Valerian 
Placebo 

n=6 
n=10 
n=4 
N=20 
M=14 
M=13 
M=9 
G=250 
T=84 
T=130 
T=36 
ΣX^{2}=3377 
SS=60 
SS=90 
SS=37 

Using symbols, state the hypotheses for a twotailed test with α=0.05.
Locate the critical region. In doing so, determine the degrees of freedom values.
Calculate the Fratio.
State the conclusion of these findings.
A researcher is interested in finding a 90% confidence interval for the mean number of times per day that college students text. The study included 149 students who averaged 39.2 texts per day. The standard deviation was 24.2 texts. Round answers to 3 decimal places where possible.
a. To compute the confidence interval use a ? t or z distribution.
b. With 90% confidence the population mean number of texts per day is between___ and ____ texts.
c. If many groups of 149 randomly selected members are studied, then a different confidence interval would be produced from each group. About 90% percent of these confidence intervals will contain the true population number of texts per day and about ____ percent will not contain the true population mean number of texts per day.
A researcher is interested in the effect of the pandemic on social media use among college students. The researcher hypothesizes that college students spend more time on social media than they did before the pandemic. To test his hypothesis, he randomly selected 50 college students and asked how many hours do they spend on social media per day before and after the pandemic.
Do college students spend more time on social media that they did before the pandemic?
Variables social media & college students.
The graph that could be used is
A researcher is interested in finding a 98% confidence interval for the mean number minutes students are concentrating on their professor during a one hour statistics lecture. The study included 96 students who averaged 40.3 minutes concentrating on their professor during the hour lecture. The standard deviation was 11.5 minutes. Round answers to 3 decimal places where possible.
a. To compute the confidence interval use a z or t distribution.
b. With 98% confidence the population mean minutes of concentration is between _____ and ______ minutes.
c. If many groups of 96 randomly selected members are studied, then a different confidence interval would be produced from each group. About _____ percent of these confidence intervals will contain the true population mean minutes of concentration and about ______ percent will not contain the true population mean minutes of concentration.
A researcher is interested in finding a 95% confidence interval for the mean number minutes students are concentrating on their professor during a one hour statistics lecture. The study included 135 students who averaged 38.6 minutes concentrating on their professor during the hour lecture. The standard deviation was 13.6 minutes. Round answers to 3 decimal places where possible.
a. To compute the confidence interval use a ? z t distribution.
b. With 95% confidence the population mean minutes of concentration is between and minutes.
c. If many groups of 135 randomly selected members are studied, then a different confidence interval would be produced from each group. About percent of these confidence intervals will contain the true population mean minutes of concentration and about percent will not contain the true population mean minutes of concentration.
A researcher is interested in testing whether annual house hold income in Philadelphia is normal. So she took a sample of 50 house holds and found that skewness (s)= 2.3190 and Kurtosis (k) = 6.7322. Use the Jarque Bera Test to test , at alpha 0.05, whether income follows normal distribution.
Yes, population is normal because ChiSquare test is higher than critical value.
Yes, population is normal because ChiSquare test is less than critical value.
No, population is not normal because ChiSquare test is higher than critical value.
No, population is not normal because ChiSquare test is less than critical value.
A researcher is interested in whether a new antidepressant drug D has an effect on people’s selfrating of depression. She randomly assigns 12 people into two groups so that each group has 6 people. One group is given drug D daily, and the other group is not given drug D. Call these the Drug group and the No Drug group, respectively. After one month of treatment, all 12 people were asked to rate on a scale from 1 to 7 how depressed they felt, where 1 = not depressed at all and 7 = very depressed. The following are the data:
Drug  No Drug 

2  4 
3  5 
4  5 
4  4 
2  6 
3  6 
n_{D} = 6  n_{ND} = 6 
M_{D} = 3  M_{ND} = 5 
s_{D} = 0.89  s_{ND} = 0.89 
Using an αlevel of .05, perform a twotailed ttest to determine whether there was an effect of Drug D on depression ratings. Specifically, answer the following questions:
Continuing from the last question, with the same values)
A researcher is interested in testing whether college students send more or fewer texts per day, relative to the general population. The researcher finds out that the population average of texts sent per day is µ = 112, but is unable to find out the population standard deviation.
This researcher then recruits 25 college students, and asks about their texting. They report a sample mean of M = 120, with a SS= 1200
In the last question, you computed the estimated standard error (s_{M})
For this question, compute the value of the ttest. t = ?
AND WRITE THAT NUMBER DOWN. YOU WILL NEED IT FOR THE NEXT QUESTION
(Continuing from the last question, with the same values)
A researcher is interested in testing whether college students send more or fewer texts per day, relative to the general population. The researcher finds out that the population average of texts sent per day is µ = 112, but is unable to find out the population standard deviation.
This researcher then recruits 25 college students, and asks about their texting. They report a sample mean of M = 120, with a SS= 1200
In the last question, you computed the sample variance (s^{2})
For this question, compute the estimated standard error (s_{M}) = ?
AND WRITE THAT NUMBER DOWN. YOU WILL NEED IT FOR THE NEXT QUESTION
A researcher is interested in testing whether college students send more or fewer texts per day, relative to the general population. The researcher finds out that the population average of texts sent per day is µ = 112, but is unable to find out the population standard deviation.
This researcher then recruits 25 college students, and asks about their texting. They report a sample mean of M = 120, with a SS= 1200
In the last question, you provided the degrees of freedom
For this question, answer, was this ttest significant, assuming a twotailed test with alpha α=.05?
A researcher is interested in finding a 98% confidence interval for the mean number minutes students are concentrating on their professor during a one hour statistics lecture. The study included 124 students who averaged 39.8 minutes concentrating on their professor during the hour lecture. The standard deviation was 12.9 minutes.Round answers to 3 decimal places where possible.
a. To compute the confidence interval use a ? t z distribution.
b. With 98% confidence the population mean minutes of concentration is between and minutes.
c. If many groups of 124 randomly selected members are studied, then a different confidence interval would be produced from each group. About percent of these confidence intervals will contain the true population mean minutes of concentration and about percent will not contain the true population mean minutes of concentration.
Melatonin 
Valerian 
Placebo 

n=6 
n=10 
n=4 
N=20 
M=14 
M=13 
M=9 
G=250 
T=84 
T=130 
T=36 
ΣX^{2}=3377 
SS=60 
SS=90 
SS=37 

A. Using symbols, state the hypotheses for a twotailed test with α=0.05.
B. Locate the critical region. In doing so, determine the degrees of freedom values.
A researcher is interested in seeing if the average income of rural families is greater than that of urban families. To see if his claim is correct he randomly selects 35 families from a rural area and finds that they have an average income of $65210 with a population standard deviation of $891. He then selects 59 families from a urban area and finds that they have an average income of $69285 with a population standard deviation of $616. Perform a hypothesis test using a significance level of 0.05 to test his claim. Let rural families be sample 1 and urban familis be sample 2.
The correct hypotheses are:
Since the level of significance is 0.05 the critical value is 1.645
The test statistic is: (round to 3 places)
The pvalue is: (round to 3 places)
The decision can be made to:
The final conclusion is that:
A researcher is interested in testing whether chocolate causes hyperactivity in children. To test this hypothesis, researcher recruits 16 children, gives these children chocolate, and measures their level of activity. A researcher obtains a sample mean of M = 102, with a SS = 375.
The researcher finds out that the average activity level among the population is µ = 100, but is unable to find out the population standard deviation.
Does the research have enough evidence to support the hypothesis that sugar causes hyperactivity among children? Use twotailed test with alpha α=.05
What should your conclusion be?
Fail to reject the null hypothesis and conclude that chocolate does not cause hyperactivity 

Fail to reject the null hypothesis and conclude that chocolate causes hyperactivity 

Reject the null hypothesis and conclude that chocolate does not cause hyperactivity 

Reject the null hypothesis and conclude that chocolate causes hyperactivity 
Melatonin 
Valerian 
Placebo 

n=6 
n=10 
n=4 
N=20 
M=14 
M=13 
M=9 
G=250 
T=84 
T=130 
T=36 
ΣX^{2}=3377 
SS=60 
SS=90 
SS=37 

a. Using symbols, state the hypotheses for a twotailed test with α=0.05.
b. Locate the critical region. In doing so, determine the degrees of freedom values.
c. Calculate the Fratio.
A researcher is interested in testing whether college students send more or fewer texts per day, relative to the general population. The researcher finds out that the population average of texts sent per day is µ = 112, but is unable to find out the population standard deviation.
This researcher then recruits 25 college students, and asks about their texting. They report a sample mean of M = 120, with a SS= 1200
Compute the sample variance s^{2}= ?
AND WRITE THAT NUMBER DOWN. YOU WILL NEED IT FOR THE NEXT QUESTION
A researcher is interested in seeing the relationship between the number of hours slept and mood. Mood was measured on a scale from 15, with higher scores indicating happier mood.
Hours Slept (X) 
Mood (Y) 
5 
2 
7 
4 
8 
5 
6 
3 
6 
2 
10 
4 
a) What is the slope of the regression equation?
b) Find the yintercept.
c) What is the expected mood for someone who got 8 hours of sleep.
d) What is the error between the actual mood of someone who got 8 hours of sleep and their expected mood?
A researcher is interested in finding a 95% confidence interval for the mean number of times per day that college students text. The study included 120 students who averaged 39.7 texts per day. The standard deviation was 13.8 texts. Round answers to 3 decimal places where possible.
a. To compute the confidence interval use a ? z or t distribution.
b. With 95% confidence the population mean number of texts per day is between and texts.
c. If many groups of 120 randomly selected members are studied, then a different confidence interval would be produced from each group. About percent of these confidence intervals will contain the true population number of texts per day and about percent will not contain the true population mean number of texts per day.
A researcher is interested in finding a 90% confidence interval for the mean number minutes students are concentrating on their professor during a one hour statistics lecture. The study included 148 students who averaged 37.6 minutes concentrating on their professor during the hour lecture. The standard deviation was 12.2 minutes. Round answers to 3 decimal places where possible.
a. To compute the confidence interval use a ? t z distribution.
b. With 90% confidence the population mean minutes of concentration is between and minutes.
c. If many groups of 148 randomly selected members are studied, then a different confidence interval would be produced from each group. About percent of these confidence intervals will contain the true population mean minutes of concentration and about percent will not contain the true population mean minutes of concentration.
(Continuing from the last question, with the same values)
A researcher is interested in testing whether college students send more or fewer texts per day, relative to the general population. The researcher finds out that the population average of texts sent per day is µ = 112, but is unable to find out the population standard deviation.
This researcher then recruits 25 college students, and asks about their texting. They report a sample mean of M = 120, with a SS= 1200
In the last question, you computed the estimated standard error (s_{M})
For this question, compute the value of the ttest. t =?
question 17
A researcher is interested in finding a 98% confidence interval for the mean number of times per day that college students text. The study included 108 students who averaged 34.3 texts per day. The standard deviation was 13.7 texts. Round answers to 3 decimal places where possible.
a. To compute the confidence interval use a ? z or t distribution?
b. With 98% confidence the population mean number of texts per day is between ____ and___texts.
c. If many groups of 108 randomly selected members are studied, then a different confidence interval would be produced from each group. About____ percent of these confidence intervals will contain the true population number of texts per day and about______ percent will not contain the true population mean number of texts per day.
A researcher is interested in finding a 90% confidence interval for the mean number of times per day that college students text. The study included 100 students who averaged 41.2 texts per day. The standard deviation was 15.3 texts. Round answers to 3 decimal places where possible.
a. To compute the confidence interval use a ? z or t distribution.
b. With 90% confidence the population mean number of texts per day is between and texts.
c. If many groups of 100 randomly selected members are studied, then a different confidence interval would be produced from each group. About percent of these confidence intervals will contain the true population number of texts per day and about percent will not contain the true population mean number of texts per day.
A researcher is interested in the effect of the pandemic on social media use among college students. The researcher hypothesizes that college students spend more time on social media than they did before the pandemic. To test his hypothesis, he randomly selected 50 college students and asked how many hours do they spend on social media per day before and after the pandemic.
Do college students spend more time on social media that they did before the pandemic?
A researcher is interested in testing whether chocolate causes hyperactivity in children. To test this hypothesis, researcher recruits 16 children, gives these children chocolate, and measures their level of activity. A researcher obtains a sample mean of M = 102, with a SS = 375.
The researcher finds out that the average activity level among the population is µ = 100, but is unable to find out the population standard deviation.
Does the research have enough evidence to support the hypothesis that sugar causes hyperactivity among children? Use twotailed test with alpha α=.05
What is the alternative hypothesis
A researcher is interested in examining the effects of relaxation techniques on test performance. The researcher randomly selects thirty college students and randomly assigns them into two groups of fifteen each. One group receives training in several relaxation techniques and the second group receives no training. Each group is given a statistics test. The average score for the group that received the relaxation training was 75 (s² = 5) and the average for students who did not receive the relaxation training was 50 (s² = 8). (1) State the null and alternative hypotheses for this study (2) What is the dependent and independent variable for this study (3) What test statistic/hypothesis test would you select to determine if the means are significantly difference at the alpha .05 level? (4) What critical value would you use to make your decision to reject or retain the null hypothesis at alpha .05?
A researcher is interested in finding a 90% confidence interval for the mean number of times per day that college students text. The study included 140 students who averaged 35.2 texts per day. The standard deviation was 18.8 texts. Round answers to 3 decimal places where possible.
a. To compute the confidence interval use a ? t z distribution.
b. With 90% confidence the population mean number of texts per day is between and texts.
c. If many groups of 140 randomly selected members are studied, then a different confidence interval would be produced from each group. About percent of these confidence intervals will contain the true population number of texts per day and about percent will not contain the true population mean number of texts per day.
A researcher is interested in testing whether chocolate causes hyperactivity in children. To test this hypothesis, researcher recruits 16 children, gives these children chocolate, and measures their level of activity. A researcher obtains a sample mean of M = 102, with a SS = 375.
The researcher finds out that the average activity level among the population is µ = 100, but is unable to find out the population standard deviation.
Does the research have enough evidence to support the hypothesis that sugar causes hyperactivity among children? Use twotailed test with alpha α=.05
What is the effect size (r^{2}) ?
a. 
The MS_{within treatments} value will increase.


b. 
The MS_{within treatments} value will decrease.


c. 
The MS_{between treatments} value will increase.


d. 
The MS_{between treatments} value will decrease.

a. 
doing so reduces the within treatments variance


b. 
doing so allows for examination of whether there are differences between the levels of the individual difference variable


c. 
doing so reduces the between treatments variance for the single factor


d. 
doing so reveals if an interaction exists between the individual difference variable and the single factor

3.The following data represent the means for each treatment condition in a twofactor experiment. Note that one mean is not given. Which value for the missing mean would most clearly result in a main effect for factor A?
B1 B2
A1 
20 
40 
A2 
50 
? 
a. 
M = 40


b. 
M = 30


c. 
M = 10


d. 
M = 20

A researcher is interested in testing whether college students send more or fewer texts per day, relative to the general population. The researcher finds out that the population average of texts sent per day is µ = 112, but is unable to find out the population standard deviation.
This researcher then recruits 25 college students, and asks about their texting. They report a sample mean of M = 120, with a SS= 1200
Compute the sample variance s^{2}= ?
AND WRITE THAT NUMBER DOWN. YOU WILL NEED IT FOR THE NEXT QUESTION
A researcher is interested in the relationship between birth order and personality. A sample of n = 100 participants is obtained, all of whom grew up in families as one of three children. Each participant is given a personality test, and the researcher also records the person’s birthorder position (1st, 2nd, or 3^{rd} born). The frequencies from this research study are shown in the following table.
Calculate Cramér’s V as a measure of effect size.
Birth Position
1st 2nd 3rd
Outgoing 
13 
31 
16 
Reserved 
17 
19 
4 
A researcher is interested in the effectiveness of a new medication at reducing systolic blood pressure via a new medication in a group of hypertensive patients. The medication has entered the phase II period for clinical trials, and the researcher has determined three doses to test on his participants. Suppose the following ANOVA table summarizes the findings of the study with respect to the four groups (three different doses and one control).
Between Groups Within Groups Total
Sum of Squares df 2267.6 3 1478.2 50 3745.8 53
Mean Square 755.87 29.564
A) Write out your null and alternative hypotheses for a one way analysis of variance.
B) Assume all conditions for such a procedure are met. Calculate an F statistic and a pvalue for the procedure and determine if there is a difference between the groups.
A researcher is interested in investigating whether religious affiliation and the brand of sneakers that people wear are associated. The table below shows the results of a survey.
Frequencies of Religions and Sneakers
Nike  Adidas  Other  

Protestant  97  87  117 
Catholic  68  50  80 
Jewish  18  19  38 
Other  64  83  70 
What can be concluded at the αα = 0.05 significance level?
A researcher is interested in the relationship between birth order and personality (outgoing versus reserved). A sample of n = 100 people is obtained, all of whom grew up in families as one of three children. Each person is given a personality test, and the researcher also records the person’s birthorder position (1st born, 2nd, or 3rd). The frequencies from this study are shown in the following table. On the basis of these data, can the researcher conclude that there is a significant relation between birth order and personality? Test at the .05 level of significance.
1st  2nd  3rd  
Outgoing  13  31  16 
Reserved  17  19  4 
Year 
Average Family Size 
1969 
4.0 
1973 
3.6 
1975 
3.2 
1979 
3.0 
1983 
3.0 
1988 
3.0 
1991 
2.9 
b.What is the value of the intercept a?
c. What is the value of the slope b?
d. Write the linear regression equation
A researcher is interested in gender differences in attitudes toward dating. Specifically, she wants to test the hypothesis that women are more accepting than men are of the idea that men should always pay on the first date, and thus women should have a more traditional view of dating than men do. Data are collected from 10 women and 10 men using a scale that measures dating behaviors and attitudes. Higher scores mean more traditional dating attitudes. Answer the following:
1) What are the independent and dependent variables in this study?
2) What inferential statistic discussed thus far could be used to answer this question?
3) Discuss your process of answering questions one and two.
A researcher is interested in testing whether chocolate causes hyperactivity in children. To test this hypothesis, researcher recruits 16 children, gives these children chocolate, and measures their level of activity. A researcher obtains a sample mean of M = 102, with a SS = 375.
The researcher finds out that the average activity level among the population is µ = 100, but is unable to find out the population standard deviation.
Does the research have enough evidence to support the hypothesis that sugar causes hyperactivity among children? Use twotailed test with alpha α=.05
What is the effect size (r^{2}) ?
A researcher is interested in testing whether chocolate causes hyperactivity in children. To test this hypothesis, researcher recruits 16 children, gives these children chocolate, and measures their level of activity. A researcher obtains a sample mean of M = 102, with a SS = 375.
The researcher finds out that the average activity level among the population is µ = 100, but is unable to find out the population standard deviation.
Does the research have enough evidence to support the hypothesis that sugar causes hyperactivity among children? Use twotailed test with alpha α=.05
What is the critical/cutoff tvalue with an alpha level of .05 (twotailed)?
2.120 

±2.120 

2.131


±2.131 
A researcher is interested in testing whether chocolate causes hyperactivity in children. To test this hypothesis, researcher recruits 16 children, gives these children chocolate, and measures their level of activity. A researcher obtains a sample mean of M = 102, with a SS = 375.
The researcher finds out that the average activity level among the population is µ = 100, but is unable to find out the population standard deviation.
Does the research have enough evidence to support the hypothesis that sugar causes hyperactivity among children? Use twotailed test with alpha α=.05
What should your conclusion be?
A researcher is interested in infants’ attention to their mothers’ voices. The research wants to know if the infant’s attention increases to the mother’s voice after spending the first week of life with the mother. The researcher selects 10 fullterm infants with normal health who experienced uncomplicated deliveries and tested the number of seconds that the infant oriented in the direction of the mother’s voice on Day 1 and on Day 7 after delivery. These fictional data appear below. Use an α = 0.01
Day 1 Day 7
6 7
5 7
3 6
8 8
7 9
6 8
5 5
6 8
8 7
5 8
A researcher is interested in finding a 95% confidence interval for the mean number of times per day that college students text. The study included 104 students who averaged 45.1 texts per day. The standard deviation was 12.8 texts. Round answers to 3 decimal places where possible.
a. To compute the confidence interval , (which one should be used t or z) distribution.
b. With 95% confidence the population mean number of texts per day is between and texts.
c. If many groups of 104 randomly selected members are studied, then a different confidence interval would be produced from each group. About percent of these confidence intervals will contain the true population number of texts per day and about percent will not contain the true population mean number of texts per day.
A researcher is interested in exploring the relationship between calcium intake and weight loss. Two different groups, each with 2323 dieters, are chosen for the study. Group A is required to follow a specific diet and exercise regimen, and also take a 500500mg supplement of calcium each day. Group B is required to follow the same diet and exercise regimen, but with no supplemental calcium. After six months on the program, the members of Group A had lost a mean of 15.8 pounds with a standard deviation of 1.9 pounds. The members of Group B had lost a mean of 16.6 pounds with a standard deviation of 1.4 pounds during the same time period. Assume that the population variances are not the same. Construct a 99% confidence interval to estimate the true difference between the mean amounts of weight lost by dieters who supplement with calcium and those who do not. Let Population 1 be the amount of weight lost by Group A, who took a 500mg supplement of calcium each day, and let Population 2 be the amount of weight lost by Group B, who did not take a calcium supplement. Round the endpoints of the interval to one decimal place, if necessary.
A researcher is interested in finding a 98% confidence interval for the mean number minutes students are concentrating on their professor during a one hour statistics lecture. The study included 96 students who averaged 38.7 minutes concentrating on their professor during the hour lecture. The standard deviation was 13.2 minutes. Round answers to 3 decimal places where possible.
a. To compute the confidence interval use a ? z t distribution.
b. With 98% confidence the population mean minutes of concentration is between and minutes.
c. If many groups of 96 randomly selected members are studied, then a different confidence interval would be produced from each group. About percent of these confidence intervals will contain the true population mean minutes of concentration and about percent will not contain the true population mean minutes of concentration.
this is a 2 part question
A researcher is interested in testing whether college students send more or fewer texts per day, relative to the general population. The researcher finds out that the population average of texts sent per day is µ = 112, but is unable to find out the population standard deviation.
This researcher then recruits 25 college students, and asks about their texting. They report a sample mean of M = 120, with a SS= 1200
In the last question, you provided the degrees of freedom
For this question, answer, was this ttest significant, assuming a twotailed test with alpha α=.05?
A researcher is interested in testing whether college students send more or fewer texts per day, relative to the general population. The researcher finds out that the population average of texts sent per day is µ = 112, but is unable to find out the population standard deviation.
This researcher then recruits 25 college students, and asks about their texting. They report a sample mean of M = 120, with a SS= 1200
What is the effect size (Cohen’s d) for the difference?
A researcher is interested in examining the relationship between assertiveness and level of stress in college students. She believes that college students who are more assertive experience less stress than students who less assertive. She surveys a random sample of college students and asks them to complete a questionnaire in which they rate their level of assertiveness and level of stress on a 5point scale. Answer the following questions:
1) What are the scales of measurement for level of stress and assertiveness?
2) Which inferential statistics should be used to solve this complex research problem?
3) Describe your decision making process related to answering question two.
Year 
Average Family Size 
1969 
4.0 
1973 
3.6 
1975 
3.2 
1979 
3.0 
1983 
3.0 
1988 
3.0 
1991 
2.9 
a. interpret the coefficient of determination
b. What is the pvalue?
A researcher is interested in finding a 90% confidence interval for the mean number minutes students are concentrating on their professor during a one hour statistics lecture. The study included 107 students who averaged 32.5 minutes concentrating on their professor during the hour lecture. The standard deviation was 10.3 minutes. Round answers to 3 decimal places where possible.
a. To compute the confidence interval use a ? t z distribution.
b. With 90% confidence the population mean minutes of concentration is between and minutes.
c. If many groups of 107 randomly selected members are studied, then a different confidence interval would be produced from each group. About percent of these confidence intervals will contain the true population mean minutes of concentration and about percent will not contain the true population mean minutes of concentration
A researcher is interested in testing whether chocolate causes hyperactivity in children. To test this hypothesis, researcher recruits 16 children, gives these children chocolate, and measures their level of activity. A researcher obtains a sample mean of M = 102, with a SS = 375.
The researcher finds out that the average activity level among the population is µ = 100, but is unable to find out the population standard deviation.
Does the research have enough evidence to support the hypothesis that sugar causes hyperactivity among children? Use twotailed test with alpha α=.05
What is the effect size (Cohen’s d)?
A. Should the researcher conclude that there is a significant relation between birth order and personality? Use α = .05.
B. Calculate Cramér’s V as a measure of effect size.
Birth Position
1st 2nd 3rd
Outgoing 
13 
31 
16 
Reserved 
17 
19 
4 
A researcher is interested in testing whether chocolate causes hyperactivity in children. To test this hypothesis, researcher recruits 16 children, gives these children chocolate, and measures their level of activity. A researcher obtains a sample mean of M = 102, with a SS = 375.
The researcher finds out that the average activity level among the population is µ = 100, but is unable to find out the population standard deviation.
Does the research have enough evidence to support the hypothesis that sugar causes hyperactivity among children? Use twotailed test with alpha α=.05
What is the estimated standard error?
A researcher is interested in testing whether chocolate causes hyperactivity in children. To test this hypothesis, researcher recruits 16 children, gives these children chocolate, and measures their level of activity. A researcher obtains a sample mean of M = 102, with a SS = 375.
The researcher finds out that the average activity level among the population is µ = 100, but is unable to find out the population standard deviation.
Does the research have enough evidence to support the hypothesis that sugar causes hyperactivity among children? Use twotailed test with alpha α=.05
What is the alternative hypothesis?
H_{a}: µ_{chocolate} >_{ }µ_{nochocolate}


H_{a}: µ_{chocolate} <_{ }µ_{nochocolate}


H_{a}: µ_{chocolate} =_{ }µ_{nochocolate}


H_{a}: µ_{chocolate} _{≠ }µ_{nochocolate}

A researcher is interested in testing whether chocolate causes hyperactivity in children. To test this hypothesis, researcher recruits 16 children, gives these children chocolate, and measures their level of activity. A researcher obtains a sample mean of M = 102, with a SS = 375.
The researcher finds out that the average activity level among the population is µ = 100, but is unable to find out the population standard deviation.
Does the research have enough evidence to support the hypothesis that sugar causes hyperactivity among children? Use twotailed test with alpha α=.05
What is the null hypothesis?
H_{0}: µ_{chocolate} >_{ }µ_{nochocolate}


H_{0}: µ_{chocolate} <_{ }µ_{nochocolate}


H_{0}: µ_{chocolate} =_{ }µ_{nochocolate}


H_{0}: µ_{chocolate} +_{ }µ_{nochocolate}

A researcher is interested in finding a 95% confidence interval for the mean number of times per day that college students text. The study included 112 students who averaged 26.7 texts per day. The standard deviation was 24.5 texts. Round answers to 3 decimal places where possible.
a. To compute the confidence interval use a distribution.
b. With 95% confidence the population mean number of texts per day is between and texts.
c. If many groups of 112 randomly selected members are studied, then a different confidence interval would be produced from each group. About percent of these confidence intervals will contain the true population number of texts per day and about percent will not contain the true population mean number of texts per day.

Sum of Squares 
df 
Mean Square 
Between Groups 
54 


Within Groups 

38 

Total 
197 


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