Raddington Industries produces tool and die machinery for manufacturers. The company expanded vertically in 20×1 by acquiring one of its suppliers of alloy steel plates, Keimer Steel Company. To manage the two separate businesses, the operations of Keimer are reported separately as an investment center. Raddington monitors its divisions on the basis of both unit contribution and return on average investment (ROI), with investment defined as average operating assets employed. Management bonuses are determined on ROI. All investments in operating assets are expected to earn a minimum return of 13 percent before income taxes. Keimer’s cost of goods sold is considered to be entirely variable, while the division’s administrative expenses are not dependent on volume. Selling expenses are a mixed cost with 40 percent attributed to sales volume. Keimer
contemplated a capital acquisition with an estimated ROI of 14.5 percent;
however, division management decided against the investment because it
believed that the investment would decrease Keimer’s overall ROI.
The 20×2 operating statement for Keimer follows. The division’s operating
assets employed were $12,600,000 at November 30, 20×2, a 5 percent
increase over the 20×1 year-end balance.
Keimer Steel Company
For the Year Ended November 30, 20×2
Sales revenue $ 25,000,000
Cost of goods sold $ 16,500,000
Administrative expenses $ 3,955,000
Selling Expenses $ 2,700,000 $ 23,155,000
Operating income before income taxes $ 1,845,000
1. Calculate the unit contribution (rounded to the nearest cent) for Keimer Steel Company if 1,187,000 units were produced and sold during the year ended November 30, 20×2.
2. Calculate the following performance measures for 20×2 for Keimer Steel
a. Pretax return on average investment in operating assets employed (ROI)
b. Residual income calculated on the basis of average operating assets employed
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