The Student’s t distribution table gives critical values for the Student’s t distribution. Use an appropriate d.f. as the row header. For a right-tailed test, the column header is the value of ? found in the one-tail area row. For a left-tailed test, the column header is the value of ? found in the one-tail area row, but you must change the sign of the critical value t to −t. For a two-tailed test, the column header is the value of ? from the two-tail area row. The critical values are the ±tvalues shown.
Let x be a random variable that represents the pH of arterial plasma (i.e., acidity of the blood). For healthy adults, the mean of the x distribution is μ = 7.4†. A new drug for arthritis has been developed. However, it is thought that this drug may change blood pH. A random sample of 41 patients with arthritis took the drug for 3 months. Blood tests showed that x = 8.0 with sample standard deviation s = 1.5. Use a 5% level of significance to test the claim that the drug has changed (either way) the mean pH level of the blood. Solve the problem using the critical region method of testing (i.e., traditional method). (Round your answers to three decimal places.)
|critical value||= ±?|
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