You are considering an investment in nickel mines in Russia. Your expectations are that you will take losses eventually, but once infrastructure is built, the project will become more profitable very quickly. You have estimated that the initial revenues will be $100 million per year and grow at a rate of 45% per year for four years. Due to political risk, you decide to use only a four-year horizon for planning purposes. Variable costs are expected to be 70% of sales; fixed costs are projected to be $10 million per year. Initial cost of machinery, land, equipment and other things amounts to $110 million. This $110 million will be depreciated straight-line to zero over a seven-year accounting life. However, the expected market value of the fixed assets at the end of four years is $50 million. Net working capital requirements are minimal, just $10 million at the beginning of the project, all of which will be recovered at termination. Tax rate of your company is 30%. This project will be financed with both debt and equity. The plan is to mirror the firm’s target capital structure by issuing 15 million shares of stock priced at $10.00 a share and $170 million face value of 10-year bonds which will be priced at 94% of par if a coupon of 7% is offered to investors. The company will pay dividends of $3.60 per year (starting in one year) and increase the dividend by 4% per year indefinitely. Treasury bills offer 1% return and the expected market returns are 11% per year. The stock’s beta is 1.8.
What is the WACC?
You are considering an investment in 30-year bonds issued by Green Corporation. The bonds have no special covenants. The Wall Street Journal reports that 1-year T-bills are currently earning 5.25 percent. Your broker has determined the following information about economic activity and Green Corporation bonds: Real risk-free rate = 2.25% Default risk Premium = 1.15% Liquidity risk premium = 0.50% Maturity risk premium = 1.75% a) What is the inflation premium? b) What is the fair interest rate on Green Corporation 30-year bonds?
You are considering an investment in 30-year bonds issued by Moore Corporation. The bonds have no special covenants. The Wall Street Journal reports that 1-year T-bills are currently earning 1.25 percent. Your broker has determined the following information about economic activity and Moore Corporation bonds:
Real risk-free rate = 0.75%
Default risk premium = 1.15%
Liquidity risk premium = 0.50%
Maturity risk premium = 1.75%
You are considering an investment in a 40-year security. The security will pay $25 a year at the end of each of the first three years. The security will then pay $30 a year at the end of each of the next 20 years. The discount rate is assumed to be 8 percent, and the current price (present value) of the security is $360.39. Given this information, what is the equal annual end-of-year payment to be received from year 24 through year 40
You are considering an investment in Eagle Corporation’s stock, which is expected to pay a dividend of $2.00 a share at the end of the year (D_{1} = $2.00) and has a beta of 0.9. The risk-free rate is 3.3%, and the market risk premium is 5%. Eagle currently sells for $31.00 a share, and its dividend is expected to grow at some constant rate, g. Assuming the market is in equilibrium, what does the market believe will be the stock price at the end of 3 years? Round your answer to the nearest cent.
6-13)
You are considering an investment in either individual stocks or a portfolio of stocks. The two stocks you are researching, stocks A and B, have the following historical returns:
Year |
rA |
rB |
2009 |
-20.00% |
-5.00% |
2010 |
42.00 |
15.00 |
2011 |
20.00 |
-13.00 |
2012 |
-8.00 |
50.00 |
2013 |
25.00 |
12.00 |
a. Calculate the average rate of return for each stock during the 5-year period.
b. Suppose you had held a portfolio consisting of 50% of Stock A and 50% of Stock B. What would have been the realized rate of return on the portfolio in each year? What would have been the average return on the portfolio during this period?
c. Calculate the standard deviation of returns for each stock and for the portfolio.
d. If you are a risk-averse investor, then, assuming these are your only choices, would you prefer to hold Stock A, Stock B, or the portfolio? Why?
You are considering an investment in Justus Corporation’s stock, which is expected to pay a dividend of $1.50 a share at the end of the year (D_{1} = $1.50) and has a beta of 0.9. The risk-free rate is 2.9%, and the market risk premium is 6%. Justus currently sells for $30.00 a share, and its dividend is expected to grow at some constant rate, g. Assuming the market is in equilibrium, what does the market believe will be the stock price at the end of 3 years? (That is, what is ?) Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your answer to the nearest cent. $
You are considering an investment in nickel mines in Russia. Your expectations are that you will take losses eventually, but once infrastructure is built, the project will become more profitable very quickly. You have estimated that the initial revenues will be $100 million per year and grow at a rate of 45% per year for four years. Due to political risk, you decide to use only a four-year horizon for planning purposes. Variable costs are expected to be 70% of sales; fixed costs are projected to be $10 million per year. Initial cost of machinery, land, equipment and other things amounts to $110 million. This $110 million will be depreciated straight-line to zero over a seven-year accounting life. However, the expected market value of the fixed assets at the end of four years is $50 million. Net working capital requirements are minimal, just $10 million at the beginning of the project, all of which will be recovered at termination. Tax rate of your company is 30%. This project will be financed with both debt and equity. The plan is to mirror the firm’s target capital structure by issuing 15 million shares of stock priced at $10.00 a share and $170 million face value of 10-year bonds which will be priced at 94% of par if a coupon of 7% is offered to investors. The company will pay dividends of $3.60 per year (starting in one year) and increase the dividend by 4% per year indefinitely. Treasury bills offer 1% return and the expected market returns are 11% per year. The stock’s beta is 1.8.
What are the cash flows each year from this project?
What is the WACC?
What is the total initial cost after adjusting for flotation costs?
What are the NPV, IRR, PI and simple (not discounted) payback period for the project?
WILL YOU ACCEPT THE PROJECT OR NOT? WHY (OR WHY NOT)?
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